2. Discuss the benefits of having the Senate as it is. The first major change on which Rutledge insisted was to drastically reduce the legislative powers, essentially unlimited, “in all cases for the general interests of the Union” that the Convention had allocated to Congress two weeks earlier. Rutledge and Randolph feared that the broad powers that ended in the language agreed upon by the Convention would give too much power to the national government at the expense of the states. In Randolph`s draft, the commission replaced this language with a list of 18 specific “listed” skills, many of which were included in the statutes of the Confederation, which would strictly limit the authority of Congress to measures such as taxation, contract drafting, war and the creation of post offices. [126] [123]:170-71 Rutledge failed to convince all members of the Committee to accept the amendment. In a number of projects, a complete provision (the “necessary and correct clause”) was eventually added, most likely by Wilson, a somewhat nationalist who dealt with the sovereignty of individual states and gave Congress the power to “enact all laws that must be necessary and proportionate for the powers that precede and all the other powers that that Constitution conferred on the United States government in enforcement. , or in a department or head of that department. [127] [123]:171-72 A new revision of Wilson`s project also imposed eight specific limits on states, such as the ability to distinguish them from the independent signing of contracts and the printing of their own money, respecting a degree of balance to the limits of national government that Rutledges` list of powers had provided for. [128] [123]:172 In addition, Wilson`s project changed the language of the supremacy clause adopted by the convention to ensure that national law takes precedence over inconsistent state laws. [123]:172 1787 the debts of the Revolutionary War multiplied, and many states lag behind in paying their debts. States would impose tariffs on each other and fight across borders. Britain was furious because no debt had been paid before the war, and it refused to respect the treaty that had ended the war (the Treaty of Paris of 1783). Acknowledging that things did not go well, on February 21, 1787, Congress declared that “there were flaws in the present Confederacy” and decided that a convention should be held in Philadelphia, “for the sole and explicit purpose of revising the articles of Confederation.”

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